The Best Advice Ever To A Memoriser Of The Qur’an
He said, ‘I forget’.
He told him ‘Pray and here’s…
A Supplication For Memorising The Qur’an
The following is what the Prophet, prayers and peace be upon him, gave to Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, when he was finding it difficult to memorise the Qur’an. So, this is for anyone who wants to memorise the Qur’an.
Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be please with him, said:
‘Once we were with the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace be upon him, when ‘Ali b. Abu Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, said:
“May my father and mother be for you, this Qur’an escapes from my chest. I find that I am not capable (of memorising it).
The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace be upon him, said to him: “O Abu’l-Hasan, shall I not teach you words by which Allah will benefit you, those whom you teach and He will make firm what you have learnt in your chest?”
He said: “Most certainly, O Messenger of Allah. Teach me.”
“If you are able on the Friday night (this by the solar day is the Thursday night), stand in the last third of the night (the night is taken as from maghrib to fajr) for it is a time that is witnessed and supplication is accepted as my brother Jacob said to his sons: ‘I will soon ask forgiveness for you from my Lord’ – he said it so that Friday night would come. If you cannot do that, stand in the middle (of the night) and if you cannot do that, stand at its beginning. Pray four units (of optional prayers): in the first unit recite al-Fatiha and Ya Sin (chapter 36); in the second unit al-Fatiha and al-Dukhan (chapter 44); in the third unit al-Fatiha and Alif Lam Mim Sajda (chapter 41); and in the fourth unit al-Fatiha and al-Mulk (chapter 67). Then when you have finished the testification (i.e. completed the prayer), praise Allah in the best manner, send blessings upon me and all the prophets in the best manner and ask forgiveness for the male and female believers and your brethren who have preceded you in faith.
At the end of that say:
Transliteration: Allahumma ‘rhamni bi tarki’l-ma’asi abadam ma abqaytani wa ‘rhamni an atakallafa ma la y’anini wa ‘rzuqni husna ‘n-nadhari fi ma yurdika ‘anni. Allahumma badi’a s-samawati wa ‘l-ardi dha ‘l-jalali wa ‘l-ikrami wa ‘l-‘izzati ‘l-lati la turam, as’aluka ya Allahu ya Rahmanu bi jalalika wa nuri wajhika an tulzima qalbi hifza kitabika kama ‘allamtani wa ‘rzuqni an atluwahu ‘ala ‘n-nahwi ‘l-ladhi yurdika ‘anni. Allahumma badi’a s-samawati wa ‘l-ardi dha ‘l-jalali wa ‘l-ikrami wa ‘l-‘izzati ‘l-lati la turam, as’aluka ya Allahu ya Rahmanu bi jalalika wa nuri wajhika an tunawwira bikitabika basari wa an tutliqa bihi lisani wa an tufarrija bihi ‘an qalbi wa an tashraha bihi sadri wa an taghsila bihi badani fa innahu la yu’inuni ‘ala ‘l-haqqi ghayruka wa la y’utihi illa anta. Wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahi ‘l-‘aliyyi ‘l-adhim.
Translation: O Allah, be merciful to me by (allowing me to) leave acts of disobedience as long as you keep me alive, be merciful to me that I (do not) involve myself in what does not concern me and grant me a good view of that which pleases You. O Allah, O Originator of the heavens and the earth, O Possessor of Majesty, ennoblement and unattainable might, I ask You, O Allah, O The Very Merciful, by Your majesty and the light of Your essence to bind my heart to memorisation of Your book as You have taught me and grant me to recite it in the manner that pleases You. O Allah, O Originator of the heavens and the earth, O Possessor of majesty, ennoblement and unattainable might, I ask You, O Allah, O The Very Merciful, by Your majesty and the light of Your essence to illuminate my sight by Your book, to release my tongue by it, to give ease to my heart by it, to open my chest by it and to wash my body by it for none other than You can assist me on the truth and none other than You give it. There is no movement or power except with Allah, the Lofty, the Tremendous.
O Abu’l-Hasan, you will do that three, five or seven Fridays and you will be answered with the permission of Allah. By the One who sent me with the truth, it will never miss a believer.”’
Ibn ‘Abbas said:
‘By Allah, ‘Ali did not remain for five or seven (Fridays) until he came to the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace be upon him, in a similar gathering and said:
“O Messenger of Allah, before I used to only take four or a similar number of verses and when I have recited them to myself they would escape me but now I learn fourty or a similar number of verses and when I have recited them to myself it is as though the Book of Allah is in front of my eyes. I would hear one statement (hadith) and when I would repeat them it would escape but now I hear statements and when I relate them I do not miss one letter.”
The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace be upon him, said to him: “(You are) a believer, by the Lord of the Kaaba, O Abu’l-Hasan.”’
Abu ‘Isa (al-Tirmidhi) said: ‘This is a fair strange (hasan gharib) tradition which we only know from the tradition of Walid b. Muslim.’
The hadith is recorded by al-Tirmidhi in the Book of Supplications, tradition number 3581.
Supplications during Bowing and Prostration
There are numerous supplications which one can make during the bowing and prostration. The following are narrated by the mother of the believers `Aisha (Allah be pleased with her): “In his ruku’ and sajda the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say often, ‘Glory be to You, O Allah, our Lord, and with Your praise. O Allah, forgive me! (Subhank Allahumma rabbana wa bi hamdik Allahumma ighfirli)’” [Agreed upon]
 The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say in his bowing and prostration, “Glorious, Holy, Lord of the angels and the Spirit. (Subbuhun quddusun rabb al-mala’ikati wa al-ruh)” [Muslim]
سُبْحَانَكَ الْلَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِي
سُبُّوْحٌ قُدُّوْسٌ رَبُّ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَالرُّوْحِ
Questions you might have
Did Sayyiduna ‘Ali really forget?
Remember the one who made the complaint about the difficulties and forgetfulness: Sayyiduna ‘Ali (karramAllahu wajha) is the one who made the complaint. This is this significant. We know that Sayyiduna ‘Ali was one of the key sources for the Qur’an. He was a master of the Qur’an so we do not accept as a whole that he had memory issues. He even had a Mushaf compiled in the order of revelation (which was lost). We accept this Hadith for its virtues.
It brings to light that we are all human. We are prone to forgetting verses. Even those around the Beloved (SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) could forget despite them (Arabs) being well known for their memory.
Was it a problem that Sayyiduna ‘Ali forgot?
Our community often talk about people being sinful forgetting verses of the Qur’an – think about this narration.
Sayyiduna ‘Ali was not cautioned. He was not told off. He was not hit. He was not shouted at.. for forgetting the Qur’an. As we see many people do these days. It’s natural. He was told and taught beautifully to ask Allah. So do not worry if you forget.
But I don’t know these Suwar – how can I pray this?
If Sayyiduna ‘Ali had been forgetting the verses of the Qur’an, if he had been struggling – did he know the Suwar he’d been asked to recite in the prayer? Ya Sin (chapter 36); al-Dukhan (chapter 44); Alif Lam Mim Sajda (chapter 41); al-Mulk (chapter 67) — I don’t recall our teachers telling us about this but the presumption is that he must have. Though one could also assume he may not have not. If he didn’t know them – how did he offer the prayer?
“Can you recite the prayer for memorisation without knowing the Suwar?”
There are differing opinions.
a. You have to learn by heart first. (Hanafi)
b. You can use the Mushaf or other means by looking as long as your hands do not move around as too much movement is not permitted. (Hanafi)
c. Other opinions say you can hold the Mushaf and pray. (Like the Shafi’i/Maliki). If as a Hanafi you were to take this position, it is better you did the whole prayer and Wudu according to the position too.
May Allah give you and us success here and hereafter.