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25 Methods You Can Use To Memorise The Qur’an

Written in 2015.

Introduction.

25 Methods You Can Use To Memorise The Qur’an gathers practical methods in a quick and easy way for you to get started with your memorisation or further improve upon it. In the text, Qari Mubashir translates and commentates upon the work of Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani sharing insights into each method.

How to Read This

Starting with the first chapter, you will find a framework for creating optimal environments and productive sessions for your Qur’ān memorisation.

Immediately after that, you will find chapters that detail step-by-step processes for 25 methods you can adopt to memorise the Qur’ān. Detailing what to do and how you can do so.

The book is meant to be straight to the point and intended for implementation. Test out each idea as they come, if it works, you’re onto something. You can use the book to try out a few different variations and methods in order to improve memorisation further. You may even adapt a method to your own liking.

You are more than welcome to peck around the book and pick up tidbits, or read it all the way through. You can then revisit things, perhaps change them-one by one. Try again.

Quick Access.

  1. The Optimal Method For Memorising The Qur’an
  2. Memorisation Between Two People
  3. Taking advantage of lost time whilst traveling
  4. Memorisation of the professionals
  5. Listening
  6. Memorising via your recorded voice
  7. Helping children to memorise by recording their voices
  8. Tying memory through writing
  9. Profiting from a home teaching board
  10. Memorising the Qur’ān through a slab
  11. Encouraging Qur’ān Memorisation through Competitions and Awards
  12. Memorising from the end of the Mus’haf
  13. Memorising Line by Line
  14. Using video
  15. Memorising through a computer
  16. Linking verses to special occasions
  17. Connecting new memorisation with influential moments
  18. Connections between verses and tangible things
  19. Memorising through the understanding of the verses
  20. Memorisation of the blind
  21. Memorising within a memorisation circle
  22. Movement (Sudan)
  23. The Uzbeki method
  24. The Turkish method
  25. Combining verses with real events or stories
  26. Conclusion

Method 1.

The Optimal Method For Memorising The Qur’ān from the best of my personal experience


Steps

Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says

1. Obtain a good copy of the Qur’ān (a Mus’ḥaf)

Get a copy which is sized to your preferences and never change it. Stick to it so that you will be able to save parts of the pages and the lines when memorising. The copy known as “Mus’ḥaf al-Huffadh” (the Memorisers’ Copy) is preferred where a page begins with a verse and finishes at the end of a verse, and so it is divided very well, whereby the Quran being thirty juz` (parts), every juz` has 20 pages and every page has 15 lines. It’s printed by the King Fahd organisation of Madinah al-Munawwarah. I advice getting it as it is the most accurate contemporary print.

2. Creating the session

Set the scene for memorisation according to the following:

  1. Self-composure (Psychological) – This is to give rise to an intention of goodwill and desire for reward from Allāh.
  2. Wudu` (cleanse of illumination) and complete purity – Do not take the opposite view. Such a decree that going against what befits high regard of the Word of Allāh and the comportment towards it.
  3. Sitting in a place where you feel at ease (body, mind, and soul), and there is no place sacred than the mosque.
  4. It is preferred that it is a place without many pictures, carvings, decorations, and distractions. The more enclosed the place is – with all due regards to fresh air – the better, it’s better than open spaces with trees and gardens. Some may differ with me on this, but I say this based upon experience not from abstract thought. The atmosphere for light reading is different from the atmosphere for focused memorisation, as wide spaces, sceneries, and trees distract the mind and focus. Whatever is suitable for light reading is not needed for genuine work and focus, as mentioned in principle four (previously discussed on the environment for memorisation).
  5. Face towards the Qibla – sitting in a state of yearning, tranquillity, and poise.

3. Start with a warm-up

This is preparation where you begin by reading the pages of the Qur’ān before you start the memorisation, whether that be from memory or looking. Recite well, listening to yourself without haste or delay. This is a fundamental component in preparing yourself. You will find many successful memorisation teachers who do not allow the student to memorise before getting them to revise the previous session and listening to it. This is to prepare him psychologically and spiritually for memorisation, whilst the student may be totally unaware of the teacher’s aim.

4. Recite with awareness and control

Beware of your voice’s beauty from distracting you at this point. In that, the sweetness of your melody engulfs you into the thrills of rapture. So you start thinking that you’re so-and-so, the famous reciter, then you assume his persona and start to recite with deliberation and perfecting the letters. You repeat it and recite it again like some of the reciters. Perhaps it all goes over the top and you bring out a microphone and recording equipment. Time will pass by whilst you are unaware, and you become like that young man who really wanted to memorise the Qur’ān but every time he sat down to memorise he opened the Qur’ān at Sūrah Yūsuf and began to recite it until the time passed him by and he memorised absolutely nothing.

5. Develop a strong desire

After 10 to 15 minutes of the warm-up and personal preparation you should feel a strong desire in yourself to memorise, with that, it is possible for you to start with a new page you want to memorise.

6. Focus!

Here begins an important stage, you really have to strongly focus on the verses. Imagine that your eye is a camera lens and that you want to film the page with sound and image. Be careful not to shake the camera.

7. Open your eyes well.

Free your mind from any distractions. Recite by looking at the first verse at the top of the page in an audible voice with Tajwīd. Read correctly with concentration. Let us use an as example His statement, The Most High:

سيقول السفهاء من الناس ما ولاهم عن قبلتهم التي كانوا عليها قل لله المشرق والمغرب يهدي من يشاء إلى صراط مستقيم

Now the foolish will say: ‘What has turned away these (Muslims) from their Qibla (Bayt al-Maqdis in Jerusalem) to which they used to face (before)?’ Say: ‘The east and the west (all) belong to Allāh alone. He guides whom He pleases to the straight path.’ [2:142]

Read it three or more times until your mind takes it all in, then close your eyes and picture in your mind with the places of the words and read them. If you succeed in reading them completely without any mistake, don’t get excited but instead repeat it twice, three or five times.

8. Repetition

Then open your eyes a second time. Read the same verse from the page to confirm the correctness of your memorisation. If you are certain that you’ve memorised it correctly, don’t get excited. Instead, close your eyes and read it another time. With this, you have carved into your mind an engraving that is impossible to disappear with the permission of Allāh, The Most High. Try the steps carefully, you will definitely find this approach sound.

Note:

During the process of recall and repetition, be careful not to divert your gaze to the things around you such as written notices distributed upon walls, posters, artwork, or décor. Do not follow a whirling fan. Do not be concerned about the type of furniture or coverings you’re sitting on. Be careful of excessively looking out of the windows, perhaps your eyes will chance upon something that will not please you, or perhaps you will be distracted by the scene of people in the street, or the scene of cars as happens to students during their revision for their exams. One of them stands at the window with the excuse of getting fresh air, then there he takes a census of cars based upon make and model, and in this manner, time passes him and is wasted whilst he hasn’t benefited a single thing.

You have no business with these distractions, my brother (or sister). You have put yourself forward as someone from the people of the Qur’ān and from its memorisers, and that requires motivation, perseverance, focus and an absence of distractions.

9. Moving onto the next verse

After that move onto the next verse following it…

…وكذلك جعلناكم أمة وسطا

And, in the same way, (O Muslims,) We made you the best Umma (Community—fair to all with a tolerant, moderate and balanced outlook) [2:143]

…and begin with the same steps we outlined with the previous verse. If you think the verse is long, then divide it into several parts corresponding to correct and sound stops and normal meanings. Then repeat and repeat many times until it is engraved deeply in your memory.

10. Connecting the verses

Now begin the connecting process which I mentioned in the eighth principle of memorisation (previous chapter). Open the page and focus on the last part of the first verse – for example – إلى صراط مستقيم …and read it with a loud voice then connect it quickly without any stop with the first part of the second verse وكذلك جعلناكم أمة وسطا. Repeat this process many times but no less than five times.

After reading with these steps – if you like them – start implementing them straight away and make a log in a notebook of the date for this memorisation. Contact someone you love and trust, and then tell them that you have found a technique in memorising the Qur’ān that you began applying today so that you can be someone who guides to good.

One of the benefits of contacting someone like this is that it will be an encouragement for you in memorisation and continuation, as it reflects an increased conviction in oneself with what you’ve read.

This is what is confirmed in psychology if a person does something and he convinces someone else about it, then it is like taking a firm stance without detracting from it and his behaviour increases his conviction in what he does.

To summarise this method, (the method is) in the following steps:

  1. Personal composure
  2. Warming up
  3. Concentration
  4. Repetition
  5. Connecting verses
  6. Result = a strong memorisation with the best method.

Qāri Mubashir commentary:

Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani mentions many important things.

Prior to discussing methods of memorisation, he expands 29 important principles for those looking to memorise. That is what he refers to when he says “as mentioned earlier”. Things like memorising for the sake of Allāh, timing, places, Tajwīd, using one Mus’ḥaf, dealing with similar verses, and all the way to seeking Divine assistance through prayer. So he doesn’t go into details in this section. He just builds upon those principles.

One of those principles referred to here is the use of one copy of the Qur’ān. This is of the most important elements to any method you adopt. Dr Ghawthani essentially points out three things here: (a) Get a good copy, (b) sized to your preferences and (c) don’t change it.

When we think of a good copy sized to your preference it can be anything these days. From a pocket Qur’ān to an app or PDF on your phone or tablet. I would add two elements to this: (1) the size you choose should be reasonable enough for you to read from easily. (2) ideally, the copy should be available on multiple platforms. An example: in the sub-continent, there are so many different copies available and a popular one is the 13 lined Qur’ān. This is available as Tajwīd colour coded, on interactive websites like QuranFlash, Qur’ān apps, and as PDFs too. This is important for those with a tech-heavy life which most of us in the cities are part of anyway. This way wherever you are you can be reading from the same copy without having to carry the physical copy. I’ve had one of my students do this with the 15 lined one printed in Madinah but with the Urdu script. He had the PDFs on his phone and tablet and had at least two copies of the Mus’ḥaf. I see him sometimes reading from the PDF on his phone in different situations.

The primary reason that you’re advised to not change between editions or copies is that the brain and our memories work better with familiarity. Exposure to the same thing, in the same context, in the same way, creates that familiarity. In return, the memory of that thing strengthens without any clouds hanging over it. The minute you are exposed to the same thing but in a different context, style or way then you create a cloud over it. The memory tries to locate the connections you’re trying to make. It’s the same with the Qur’ān. You keep companionship with a single copy, you gain familiarity with its lines, verses, and pages. In return your memory allows you to recall verses through location. You remember where verses are on the page for example. You can picture the page in your mind, and picture certain letters. Once you getting changing copies it becomes clouded. It’s especially important for those who have a memory that is stronger with visual stimuli.

One of other elements Dr speaks about is recitation becoming a distraction. This is extremely important advice. I went through a period when I discovered Shaykh ‘Abdul Bāsiṭ ‘Abdus Samad, where I’d always listen to him and it would create at times conflict with my memorisation. The point here is to concentrate on what’s needed to be done rather than exploring things of enjoyment.

During the warm-up there are two things you should add for preparation:

(1) Audio and (2) Translation.

These will further you in not only learning how to read the verses properly but also gain proximity to the Words of Allāh through as understood in your native tongue. I would add that it’s beneficial to not only read the translation but to also listen to it. There is nothing more impactful than listening to someone speak the words. The Qur’ān was an oral phenomenon and its impact has always been through that oral tradition.


Method 2.

Memorisation between two people


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

I will always remember what one of our teachers had written on the board when I was studying in secondary school of the Furqan Institute. He wrote with his elegant handwriting: “Knowledge grows between two” so I took this principle as a guiding light in my life of study. And on this note, the one who wishes to memorise in light of this method should adopt the following steps:

  1. You should choose one of your good friends with whom you share matters of importance (what is important to them is important to you).  You should agree on a schedule that is suitable for both of you, and the best times are after Fajr, if not between Maghrib and ‘Isha. This schedule is to be kept on a daily basis.
  2. You should agree on which Sūrah to start with.
  3. Both should open up the copy of his Qur’ān and read one verse for the first time  -looking –  so that the 2nd person can listen paying attention and following him with his own copy. After this, the 2nd person does the same and reads his verse while looking.  Then, the 1st person reads the verse without looking and then the 2nd person does the same.
  4. Continue to move onto the 2nd verse in the same way and continue like this until you finish the page.
  5. Then work on the combining process for all of the verses that you’ve read until you have memorised all of them proficiently.
  6. Then you test each other. One of you should play the role of the teacher and the other the role of the student and then you swap roles. You should record the number of errors and tell your buddy where they were made until he corrects them and does not make the same errors again.

Method 3.

Taking advantage of lost time in the car (travel)


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

Many of our brothers that work a lot, desire to memorise the Qur’ān yet say: “We don’t have any time.” When I saw their truthfulness, I observed that they were spending a lot of time in their cars and I wanted to draw their attention to this method.

  1. Make a copy of the page you would like to memorise from your Qur’ān.
  2. Hang it in a place that does not hinder your driving.
  3. When you get in the car in the morning, read the first verse and repeat it whilst you warm up the engine.
  4. When you drive off – with the blessing of Allāh – repeat what you’d read without looking.
  5. When you stop at the traffic lights, read the next verse while looking.  Then when you drive off, read it without looking and continue on like this.

Important notes of attention

  1. Be careful of not paying attention to the page you are memorising from. Don’t neglect it until it becomes torn or ripped. It is recommended that you put it in an envelope (plastic) and when you are finished memorising it, save it in a special folder in your house so it can be used again.
  2. Be careful of looking at the paper a lot while driving as this could cause an accident with very serious consequences so only look at the paper when you have stopped or are waiting.

Further matters

Some brothers have gone through a significant experience: They chose a pocket-sized Qur’ān, separated its papers from each other. Then, they wrapped each of them with a transparent cover using the electronic machine designed to wrap official cards. Therefore, these solid papers cannot be affected by overuse or by water. They can be saved in a box or in the user’s pocket. The memoriser can place one of these papers in front of him in his car and look at it from time to time (every now and then).


Method 4.

Memorisation of the professionals


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

I have mentioned this method for a large number of people that are working in various professions, and want to memorise the noble Qur’ān. I have given indications for some professions without elaboration because there is no room for such elaboration. An example in point, I remember the method for weavers:

The reader might be surprised by this mention [of weavers], but I am made to [due to] its benefits for others. For it was my guide and teacher in the ten readings of the Qur’ān, Shaykh ‘Abd-al Gaffer al-Darubi – may Allāh protect him – that told me he memorised using this method. From the very start of the Qur’ān up till Sūrah al-Furqan in four months during his work in fabrics.

The method of the weavers is a unique method: you complete it as follows:

  1. The person would sit down behind the loom weaving machine and then choose a place where he/she can rest his/her view.
  2. Place into that place (in front of his/her eyes) using two screws in order to make it firm, a copy of the page that he/she wants to memorise from.
  3. Start reading the first verse while looking at it. Then, read it by heart while working. Since weaving does not require much concentration, your mind will be prepared for memorisation. Indeed, reading by heart leads to deft movements and active work. While your hands and feet are weaving automatically, your mind will memorise.

In fact, many notable shaykhs have used this method to memorise the Qur’ān. We can state for instance the scholar and shaykh of reciters in Damascus Husayn al-Khattab (may Allah have mercy on him). At first, he worked as a coppersmith in the copper market in Damascus then he became a renowned scholar.

Another significant shaykh who used this method for Qur’ān memorisation is the Shaykh, the scholar, and reciter Abul-Hasan Al-Kurdi. He was initially working as a butcher then he became a leading shaykh and reciter in Zayd Ibn Thābit mosque in Damascus.

Shaykh ‘Izzi, a prominent reciter in Damascus, has devoted his time to teach recitation to a group of skilled workers. A number of them have mastered the rules of recitation and became themselves well qualified to teach other students of Qur’ān. Among these people was a baker who, thanks to Allah, memorized the whole Qur’ān while working in his bakery.

Therefore, we often find in the reciters’ biographies titles (nicknames) such as the carpenter and the engraver.


Method 5. Listening


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

The following are a few ways to profit from recording in Qur’ān memorisation:

First Way:

  1. Buy a cassette* of the whole Qur’ān recited by a skilful reciter such as Al-Husary or Al-Minshāwi.
  2. Listen to the whole recitation in your car for the first time.
  3. Listen again for a second time.
  4. Listen for a third time trying to repeat the verses while strictly following the reciter.
  5. When you listen for the fourth time, repeat the first verse with the reciter. Then, stop the tape and repeat the verse by heart.  If you commit a mistake while repeating it try again but if you recited it correctly then repeat it three times by heart so that it can be entrenched in your memory Allāh willing.
  6. Move to the second verse and do exactly the same.
  7. Do not forget the link between verses that we have previously noted.

This method is useful in your car. However, if you want to apply it at home you should put into consideration the following remarks:

  1. Read the Surah (Qur’ānic chapter) while you open the Qur’ān and observe the rules of stopping in recitation.
  2. Divide the Surah into sections according to their different themes. Each section contains about five verses.
  3. Listen to the first section then repeat it by heart. If you noticed that it is long and difficult to memorise, divide it into two parts.
  4. This method is also useful for the blind.

Second Way: Employing the Subconscious Mind

  1. Choose a cassette of a particular Surah recited by your favourite reciter and who perfectly masters the rules of recitation.
  2. Listen to this Surah before you sleep at night when you are surrounded by darkness and blessed with calmness.
  3. Listen wholeheartedly to the Qur’ān recited by a faithful believer.
  4. The voice should be preferably as low as possible.
  5. Get up for the Fajr prayer and keep awake. Read from the Qur’ān the Surah that you recited before sleep. You will find yourself amazingly memorising it.

The Benefits of this Method

  1. During sleep, the subconscious mind reiterates the main concerns that preoccupied the person during his day. If Qur’ānic recitation is the last thing that you heard, the verses will resonate in your subconscious mind and inhabit your memory.
  2. This method is highly beneficial in revising.
  3. If you suffer from depression, this method is a proven cure.
  4. If you suffer from insomnia, this method can alleviate it.
  5. This method is also useful for those who are afflicted by some disturbances caused by jinn or epilepsy.
  6. It is also beneficial for the blind.

Third Way: Listening to the cassette during a whole week

  1. Get a cassette of the Surah that you want to memorise recited by a skilful reciter.
  2. Listen to the Surah regularly during a week. Whenever it finishes rewind the cassette and listen again. You can practice this method in your car or at work in order to save time.
  3. By the end of the week on Friday, for instance, sit in the mosque between Maghrib and Isha and recite that Surah trying to learn it by heart.
  4. You will realize that you lack only a little concentration and revision to reach a full memorization of the Surah.
  5. On Saturday, start another Surah following the same method and you will reach your ultimate objective Allah willing. This method can be helpful for busy and hard workers.

Method 6. Memorising via your recorded voice


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

Generally, people regardless of their different personalities, class, and culture tend to listen to a sweet voice and find pleasure in hearing it. However, any one of us may sometimes prefer and enjoy listening to their own voice. I have inferred from this fact the significance of this method of memorising using one’s recorded voice. The following are the main steps to apply this method:

  1. Read the Surah that you want to memorise observing the rules of tajwid while recording your voice.
  2. You can divide the Surah into sections according to their different themes and meanings.
  3. You can also record each section more than once (prevents constant replay).
  4. Listen to your sweet voice in your car, at home, and in your garden. It will help you to reach a rapid memorisation.
  5. Compare your pronunciation with that of skilful reciters in order to avert mistakes.
  6. Try to repeat with the recording.
  7. Focus on your mistakes in the rules of Tajwid.
  8. When you feel that you have fully memorised the Surah, test yourself:
    • Record the same Surah while reading it by heart then compare your recitation with the Mus’haf (copy of the Qur’ān).
  9. It is preferable to save the revised recordings since they will gain further value with the passage of time.

Method 7. Helping children to memorise by recording their voices


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

This method can be applied in the following ways:

First Way: the father and his children

  1. Bring a recording device and your child who is four years old or more.
  2. Choose a short Surah like Al-Falaq and an-Naas.
  3. Recite with an intonated voice the first verse and make your child repeat after you and record the recitation.
  4. Teach your child how to use the recording device, tell him to listen carefully and memorise, and to get ready for your test.
  5. You can record a number of chapters of the Qur’ān for daily lessons. By the end of the week, you can test the memorisation of your child.

This method was used by Shaykh Sayyid Lashin Abul-Farah. He was able to help his daughter memorise, and his son memorised the whole Qur’ān when he was just nine years old. What is meant by “father” in this method is the father who masters the rules of recitation otherwise the teacher of Qur’ān can replace the father.

Second Way: an invented method for children starting from three years old

  1. A skillful reciter records short chapters from the Qur’ān starting with An-Naas, Al-Falaq, and Al-Ikhlas.
  2. After reciting each verse, he lets a group of four children who are blessed with sweet voices and correct tajwid repeat after him.
  3. After reciting these three chapters in this way, the reciter keeps repeating until the end of the recording.
  4. In the second recording, the reciter chooses other three chapters and uses the same method.
  5. You can also let the children hear the recorded chapters while they are playing. This can pave the way for their easy and prompt memorisation.
    • The mother also can try this method while she is in the kitchen surrounded by her kids.
  6. The child is primarily an imitator. He tries to pronounce exactly like the voice he hears he then recites in a proper way and memorises at a rapid pace.

Method 8. Tying memory through writing


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

Capabilities within memory differ from one person to another. Some possess a visual memory where he/she reads a book once he can easily memorise visually the places and ideas throughout the book even if he/she has read it silently. Others have an auditory memory. They can recall and quote the exact statements they heard a long time ago. Therefore, I maintain that the method of memorisation through writing is an excellent method especially if it is coupled with visual and auditory memorisation.

This method can be applied in several ways:

  1. You can memorise five verses, for instance, looking attentively at the verses then try to write what you have memorised and compare your written verses and the Mus’haf trying to detect your mistakes.
  2. The teacher can write some verses in the students’ file or on a board in front of them and the students copy them. He corrects their writing and asks them to memorise through their writing. He then hears from them what they have memorised and asks them to write these verses without looking at their papers. Through this method, In shā’ Allah, the verses will be engraved in the memory.

Method 9. Profiting from a home teaching board


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

I present this method for those who want their children to memorise the Qur’ān and for the mother who worries because her children do not learn the Glorious book by heart. In fact, apart from memorisation, this method was tried by many people and has proved to be effective for instance in improving the children’s handwriting.

  1. Buy a high-quality whiteboard with a number of coloured crayons/pens.
  2. Fix the board on the wall in your children’s room or in the living room in order for your kids to see it wherever they move.
  3. Write with a good handwriting the Surah that you want them to memorise in black, write the “vowels” in red, and separate the verses using green. Do not forget to write the date on the top right of the board.
  4. Ask your children to write the Surah on their files and check their writing and “vowel” mistakes. Warn them not to erase the board before reaching full memorisation.
  5. Ask them to memorise the Surah during the day and enhance their competition and enthusiasm.
  6. On the next day, write another Surah when you make sure that they have fully memorised the previous one. Hence, the children will take every day a new lesson in an enjoyable and competitive climate.
  7. After memorising the first lesson, you can allow your children to write on the board. This will extensively please them. In addition, they will try to imitate your good handwriting which can enable their writing to improve.
  8. Some fathers would say: this method needs to devote the father’s whole time to his kids at the expense of his work. My response is that if you believe in this method and place it on the top of your daily priorities, you will notice that it will take only fifteen minutes to write and half an hour to correct your children’s mistakes and hear from them.
  9. The mother also can help her children to memorise the Qur’ān using this method. Both of the parents should assume their responsibility in upbringing their offspring in order to enjoy dignity in this life and the great reward in the hereafter instead of wasting their precious time in trivialities. The big brother/sister can also take this responsibility.
  10. No doubt, this method can ameliorate the children’s faculty of dictation, handwriting, and Qur’anic rules of spelling. I personally know a father who has used this method and his children became highly skilled calligraphers.

A Remark

There are special chairs and desks designed for children. The desks are equipped with boards on which the child can easily write whatever he wants and be trained on writing using special pens that would neither pollute nor harm him.


Method 10. Memorising the Qur’ān through a slab


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

The traditional slab is an embellished piece of wood. Its length is about forty centimeters and its width of about fifteen centimeters. Its handle is like that of the sword. Students polish and clean the surface to make writing easier. Today, this method is spread in most African countries such as Sudan, Somalia, Senegal, Tchad, Cameron, Mauritania, and others.

This method is used as follows:

  1. In the first phase, the teacher writes the verses to be memorised for the student in a clear handwriting.
  2. Then, he makes him read them letter by letter and asks him to and orders him to memorise them in a written and oral way.
  3. He asks him to erase the written verses and rewrites them from his memory.
  4. The teacher corrects the student’s writing and recitation. He guides him to the best way in writing, holding the pen, and the position of the writer while writing.
  5. When the teacher makes sure that the student has effectively memorised he can move to the next lesson.
  6. The verses memorised using this method are unforgettable since they are utterly engraved in memory.

I have met some of the Mauritanian memorisers who have used this method to memorise the Qur’ān. I noticed that they memorise the whole Qur’ān as one memorises his name. Despite the spread of Masāhif (copies of the Qur’ān) in many Islamic countries, this method still exists till today.

This method is beneficial in fixing spelling, improving handwriting, and learning the rules of dictation especially if it is supervised by an expert who devoted his life to teaching and assumes his role conveniently. He guides the students when committing even minor mistakes and he pays attention to similar verses in the Qur’ān. He dictates poetic verses dealing with this topic. Memorising these verses and the “similar” Qur’anic verses at the same time would undoubtedly facilitate the memorisation.


Method 11. Encouraging Qur’ān Memorisation through Competitions and Awards


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

The scholars of education and psychology recognise the role of encouragement and motivation in boosting people’s production and creativity. Thus, I argue that various ways of motivation can be used as an impressive impetus to stimulate and achieve the noble project of Qur’ān memorisation (my paraphrase). Competitions can take different ways. The following are a few of them:

First Way: A Compromise with Work Colleagues

  1. Make an agreement with your work colleagues to memorise a particular Surah during three days and compete with each other to see who will memorise it first.
  2. After three days, meet together at the mosque (workplace prayer room) or at any other place.
  3. One of you can test his fellows by asking a question and giving marks.
  4. The one who would commit the least of mistakes would be the first. A star is put next to his name. During a month the one who gets more stars would be the winning.
  5. One fellow from the group can volunteer to offer an award to the winning fellow who gets six stars during a month. The award can be a valuable book, crayons, or a recited Qur’ān etc.

Second Way: Declaring a Qur’ān Competition

The administration can announce a competition in memorising five parts (Juz’) of the Qur’ān at the end of the year and devote proper awards for the winning students.

Motivation is also manifested in international competitions held in many countries such as the famous International competition in Makkah.

Another way of motivation is the rivalry between husband and wife. For instance, they can compete about who will memorise more during a month

Other Ways of Motivation

  1. The teacher with his students: He can tell them some ahādith about the significance of Qur’ān memorisation and some stories about the Qur’ān memorisers and ask to memorise a particular Surah for the next day. The one who would perfectly memorise the Surah, his name would be written and hung on a school honour board.
  2. A school or any other institution can announce that whoever would memorise the whole Qur’ān would get a monetary award.
  3. Announcing to prisoners that whoever memorises the Qur’ān his period of punishment would be reduced or he would be released. This is applied in Saudi Arabia by the charitable organisations of teaching Qur’ān.
  4. The father and his children: he can get new clothes or a bicycle, or suggest a delicious dinner out of the home as motivations and awards to incite the children to memorise.
  5. The Shaykh and his group: the shaykh can organise a party to honour the one who memorises the whole Qur’ān. He can also grant his students an award. This party can be an unforgettable souvenir for the winner and an impressive motivation for his fellows and the attendants to emulate him.
  6. The husband with his wife: for instance, when the husband leaves the home to work or to travel he can tell his wife to memorise a particular Surah. When he comes back he brings with him a gift to his wife as an award for her memorisation. The wife can do the same with her children to motivate them and her reward will be great in the hereafter.

Method 12. Memorising from the end of the Mus’haf


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

  1. Open the Mus’haf on the page that you want to memorise.
  2. Instead of starting from the top of the page start by memorising the last verse on the page.
  3. Move to the previous verse then it’s antecedent until you finish memorising the page.

Yes, this method is not preferable and not the best in terms of practice. If the memoriser links the verses while reciting from bottom to top, he can engulf in an overlap of Qur’anic messages and meanings.  However, if he memorises and recites the verses separately, this In shā’ Allah would not pose any problem.

This method is highly beneficial in strengthening the memorisation since people generally learn the first verses faster and the last verses are often forgotten.


Method 13. Memorising Line by Line


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

  1. Open the Mus’haf on the page you want to memorise.
  2. Bring a blank paper.
  3. Hide the page except for the first line.
  4. Repeat this line until you memorise it.
  5. Uncover the second line and do the same thing.
  6. Link the first and second line to reach a perfect memorisation.
  7. Move gradually from line to line until you finish memorising the whole page.
  8. Follow the same steps on the second page etc.

I have been told that someone has fully memorised the Qur’ān using this method.


Method 14. Using video!


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

There is no doubt that the video is an effective teaching tool especially if we use it properly to acquire knowledge. The following are some ways to profit from the video in learning the Qur’ān:

First Way

  1. A Shaykh and skillful reciter who is endowed with a sweet voice can record the whole Qur’ān in a video and the child would memorise it by listening to it only twice or thrice.
  2. The recitation should at a medium pace between rapid recitation and slow recitation.
  3. The screen presenting the video should be divided into two parts: The first should involve a clear image of the reciter to observe pronunciation for the learner and the second part of the screen should present clearly written verses.
  4. No doubt this project needs a sponsoring institution and an expert director in order to be fruitful.

Second Way

The skillful Shaykh and reciter recites a verse and a child or a group of children repeat after him. Probably, this way is more effective than the previous one because the learner hears the verse twice with two different voices. The way of memorisation is the following:

  1. Bring a video and the recorded cassettes/audio.
  2. The verses intended to be memorised are presented in front of the students.
  3. Listening to the reciter and focusing on the way his mouth moves.
  4. To memorise half a page of theQur’ān you will need to hear it only twice or thrice because many senses are involved in the act of learning. In fact, you simultaneously hear the Qur’ān and see the reciter.

Third Way

This way requires access to finance (in order to get the gear required). You can have access to a camera, you film your own and your children’s recitation and give the recording to your children to listen to it and show it to some of your relatives. The children can also be trained on recording the Qur’ān diffused on television with the strict supervision of the father or the teacher.


Method 15. Memorising through a computer


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

This method is very similar to the previous one with some differences. It can be used in various ways:

Memorising through typing

  1. Buy an advanced computer with Qur’ān software/program (or with the ability to write Arabic).
  2. Display the page that you intend to memorise start memorising it or memorise it from the Mus’haf.
  3. Open a computer word document.
  4. Write what you have memorised on this computer document then compare your written verses with the Mus’haf. There is a program which compares and detects your mistakes in a wink of an eye.

Memorising through Voice

There is a computer program of Qur’ān in which you can choose any famous reciter to listen to his voice. In addition, you can include your voice in the list of reciters’ voices.

Memorising through Image and Voice

This method is similar to the method using the video however in this method you can link the computer and the video and save any verse or Surah with your voice or others’ voices and you can use them whenever you want with the image and date.

It is worth noting that computer programs of Qur’ān include competition in Qur’ān memorisation. For instance, you are given an ayah and called to guess the Surah’s title or you are given an unfinished verse to complete. Furthermore, the program signals your right and wrong answers.


Method 16. Linking the Verses with Special Times


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

To facilitate memorisation you can link your memorisation with certain unforgettable times occasions.

For instance, on Friday you can memorise Surah al-Kahf. Moreover, you can choose particular Surahs to be memorised and revised during every Ramadan. Nevertheless, you can devote the period of sunrise to memorise certain Surahs. This method will help you enhance your memorisation. Indeed, the remembrance of a particular temporal setting would be reminiscent of Qur’anic verses coupled with it. In the same vein, our Shaykh and scholar Mahmood Abdul Dayim, may Allah have mercy on him, told me that he had memorised “Matn al-Sullam” in the midst of darkness under the moonlight while his relatives were absorbed in discussions on the harvest and agricultural season.

If you were, for instance, waiting for your wife in the hospital do not waste your time open your pocket-sized Mus’haf and memorise as much as you can. You will definitely remember them because they are linked with unforgettable moments in your life. This meaning is best translated in Allah’s words:

“Establish the Prayers (Zuhr [Midday], ‘Asr [Afternoon], Maghrib [Sunset] and ‘Isha’ [Night]) from the declining of the sun till the deep darkness of the night. And also (make obligatory) the recitation of Fajr Prayer, for the Qur’an in Fajr (Dawn) Prayer is attended (by the angels and a state of divine consciousness also permeates).” [Surah al-Isra’, 78]

and

“Surely, We sent down this (Holy Qur’an) during the Night of Qadr (Destiny/Power).” [Surah al-Qadr, 1].


Method 17. Connecting new memorisation with influential moments


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

People go through unforgettable incidents in their lives. Linking these incidents to memorisation would help in recalling the memorised parts of the Qur’ān whenever these incidents resonate in our memory. The following are a few examples:

  1. The event that took place with Jibreel (Gabriel) for the first time with the Chosen One (al-Mustafa), may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and he said to him: “Recite!” and he responded, “I will not recite.” Then he (Jibreel) attached himself to him three times so that he could receive and memorise the first words that were to be revealed of Surah al-‘Alaq were revealed. It was inscribed to his memory in an extremely great and sublime incident in a distant place on the mount Hira where there was no social dimension nor any assistance. Thus, these verses were highly impressive and were engraved in memory forever.
  2. The incident of the spoils of war, booty, captives in the battle of ‘Badr’ was at the core of Surah Al-Anfal.
  3. All the battles and conquests that occurred were specially articulated in multiple places throughout the Qur’ān, such as: ‘Badr’, ‘Uhud’ and ‘Hunayn’.
  4. The slander verses (al-Ifk) are connected to the heinous lie against ‘Ā’ishah, Allah be well pleased with her, and this connection makes them unforgettable.

Incidents that all of us may experience

  1. Prison: Many amongst prisoners memorise the Qur’ān. There are many ways and opportunities for them. Some have access to the Mus’haf, some memorise via dictation with those who have already memorised etc. After leaving prison, they recall the memorised parts connected to their time in prison and the different events and struggles within that time.
  2. When a person confronts a temporary health problem. For instance, he broke his leg or hand, he stays at home and this enables him to devote much time to Qur’ān memorisation. In fact, I know a man who stayed at home because of a disease. As a result, he was able to memorise the Qur’ān in four months.
  3. A man who is always distant from his son who he loves so much due to travel or imprisonment. He must memorise Surah Yusuf as his memorisation would be firm because of his emotional involvement and understanding of the different meanings expressed in this Surah.

Method 18. Connections between verses and tangible things


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

When you start memorising you have to be fully focused on the Qur’ān. Try to concentrate on the linkage between verses and tangible things in the universe such as the skies, the Earth, the mountains, the other creatures.

For instance, if you read Allah’s words and you were near the sea try to establish a link between these verses and the sea that you are watching:

وَهُوَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ الْبَحْرَ لِتَأْكُلُوا مِنْهُ لَحْمًا طَرِيًّا وَتَسْتَخْرِجُوا مِنْهُ حِلْيَةً تَلْبَسُونَهَا وَتَرَى الْفُلْكَ مَوَاخِرَ فِيهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِن فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ – 16:14

And He is the One Who has subjected the sea (rivers and oceans) as well (in addition to air and land) so that you may eat fresh (and favourite) seafood from there and may take out from them gems (etc.) that you wear as ornaments. And, (O man,) you see the vessels (and ships) that pierce through the water (of the rivers and oceans). And (all this has been managed) so that you may look for His bounty (i.e., sustenance, far and wide) and also that you may become thankful.

When you read Allāh saying the following verses, look to the sky perhaps you see a bird that makes the Qur’anic imagery clearer to you:

أَلَمْ يَرَوْا إِلَى الطَّيْرِ مُسَخَّرَاتٍ فِي جَوِّ السَّمَاءِ مَا يُمْسِكُهُنَّ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ – 16:79

Have they not seen the birds that fly aloft in the air (under the law of motion and aerodynamics)? Nothing but (the laws of) Allah hold them (in the sky). Surely, there are signs in (this law of aerodynamics) for the believers.

When you read Allah saying the following, look to the clouds above:

وَإِن يَرَوْا كِسْفًا مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ سَاقِطًا يَقُولُوا سَحَابٌ مَّرْكُومٌ – 52:44

And if they see a fragment of the sky falling (on them, even then) they will say: ‘It is a layered (thick) cloud.’

When you read Allāh saying the following, think and visualise grape vines (or otherwise):

وَأَوْحَىٰ رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ أَنِ اتَّخِذِي مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا وَمِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ – 16:68

And your Lord seeded (the idea instinctually) in the honeybee’s heart: ‘Make your hives in certain mountains and certain trees and (also) in certain projections people build aloft (like roofs).

When you read Allāh saying the following, look at your fingers:

بَلَىٰ قَادِرِينَ عَلَىٰ أَن نُّسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُ – 75:4

Yes, of course! We have also the power to restore and set right even his finger joints and fingertips.

When you read Allāh saying the following, look at a palm tree and a pomegranate if possible:

فِيهِمَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَنَخْلٌ وَرُمَّانٌ – 55:68

In both of them, there are also fruits, date-palms, and pomegranates.

Examples in this vein are abundant.

In fact, reading verses and imagining their corresponding scenes helps a lot in fulfilling longlasting and unforgettable memorisation. It will make your revision easier and will benefit you in times of need.

 عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ قَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم

“‏ قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي وَسَدِّدْنِي وَاذْكُرْ بِالْهُدَى هِدَايَتَكَ الطَّرِيقَ وَالسَّدَادِ سَدَادَ السَّهْمِ ‏”

As narrated by Sayyiduna ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) that the beloved Messenger of Allāh (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) had taught him to say, “Allāh, direct me to the right path and make me adhere to the straight path,” and when you make a mention of right guidance, keep in mind the right path and when you consider of the straight (path), keep in mind the straightness of the arrow.” [Sahih Muslim 2725]

Indeed, the Surahs involving stories such as Yusuf, Maryam, and al-Kahf are generally memorised more rapidly than other Surahs. For this reason, people who imagined that they are unable to memorise the whole Qur’ān are advised to start by Surahs involving stories since they are easier to learn.

Happy moments can nevertheless be seized to memorise verses. When you hear happy news rush to your Mus’haf and try to memorise as much as you can. These verses would be memorised and revised easily since remembering that happy event would be connected with them.


Method 19. Memorising through the understanding of the verses


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

This method is based on the explanation or commentary of the verses, or the clarification of the ambiguous verses, or the study of the context of revelation. It is more suitable to adults than to children. This method is applied as follows:

  1. Be present with a Mus’haf and a book of tafsir (Qur’ān exegesis) on the words of the Qur’ān or a tafsir that is not overwhelming, short in nature.
  2. Choose a section from the Surah you want to memorise.
  3. Read this section focusing particularly on those words unknown to you (strange words).
  4. Open the book of tafsir to understand the difficult words and get a comprehensive understanding of the verses and check if these verses are related to certain reasons and circumstances of revelation. Note: What I mean by the meanings is the partial meaning of the section you intend to memorise since the Surah has a set of unified and interrelated meanings. It revolves around one harmonious theme. The martyr Sayyid Qutb (al-Dhilāl) and Dr ‘Abd Allāh Daraz (in his book: Al-Naba’ al-‘Adhim) have emphasized this point in their writings.
  5. In this way, you will have a clear idea of the verses as a whole and capture its beauty.
  6. Now start memorising, focusing on the meanings that you have explored.
  7. When you finish memorising and understanding the verses try to apply them in your life as the companions may Allah be pleased with them were doing. Indeed, Abdullāh Ibn ‘Amr said: ‘We used to memorise ten verses, understand them then apply them’. (Imam Ahmad, 5/410)
  8. You can move to another section from the Qur’ān and do the same thing.

Benefits of this Method

This method is suitable for a group of employees or workers who do not have time for memorisation. So they can meet a Shaykh, or someone amongst them can read a whole section when available once during the week together with the meanings and tafsir. All in front of him, verse by verse and then work on it throughout the week in terms of its memorisation. In the next week, this can be listened to. Using this method, the memoriser would always remember the general meaning of verses even after a long time without revision Allah willing.


Method 20. Memorision of the Blind


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

The sense of sight is a great bounty from Allāh. Those who have been deprived of this blessing are often granted by Allah a strong discernment, special faculties, and bright intelligence. Generally, the blind’s memorisation is faster than others. They have many methods of memorisation, however, I will only state the most famous of them:

  1. The blind person regardless of his age will need a competent Hāfidh/ah (and thereby reciter) who is aware of the foundational pillars concerning memorisation. This can be a person who has eyesight or can be blind himself. In fact, it would be better to have a blind instructor as he/she will have the necessary experience.
  2. If you cannot find competent Hāfidh/ah, don’t worry, you can rely on a companion whose recitation is correct or use audio.
  3. (If you do have) a companion should be generous, loving, of service and mindful (of your needs). Always cautious not to hurt the blind companion, intending his efforts to be sincerely for the sake of Allāh.
  4. He should choose a calm, peaceful and isolated place which is distant from noise.
  5. (The method to adopt would be to) dictate the Qur’ān verse by verse, reciting the verse in front of them, correctly and loudly, then ask them to repeat it once, twice, and thrice until fully memorised.
  6. Dictate the verses that follow until the end of the page. Now you have to tie the verses together and listen to the whole page.
  7. The amount to memorise depends on the blind person’s ability and the teacher/companions available time.
  8. The blind person would need to make great efforts in daily revision. If he/she forgets a particular word, don’t worry, keep it in mind and ask the teacher/companion in the next session. In this way, the word would be engraved in his mind. However, nowadays the role of the audio is indispensable especially in the absence of a companion.

Nevertheless, the blind person can memorise by his own using the Braille system. In fact, such a Mus’haf is now available that permits the blind to read it using their sense of touch.


Method 21. Memorising Within A Memorisation Circle


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

Memorisation gatherings or circles has spread in number across Mosques throughout the Muslim world. This is clearly evident in recent times within the Mosques of Saudi Arabia across its cities and towns. The number of groups has exceeded the thousands.  A lot of effort was gone into reviving the value and service of the Qur’ān. This blessed movement began at the hands of the Pakistani, Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf Siti in 1962. His intention was to start this practice in Makkah and so he started the first gathering for Qur’ān memorisation in the Bin Laden Mosque in Jarwal, then in the Holy Mosque and this then took off to the level we see today.

The ‘circles’ of memorisation are called as such because the students make a circle while they are sitting to learn the Qur’ān. The method adopted to memorise within the Mosques is as follows:

  1. The teacher announces the opening of a group for the memorisation of the Qur’ān in the Mosque. So then (this way) he gathers data on the demand considering all different ages.
  2. He starts them off with short Surahs. Initially, he recites to them and they just listen carefully and follow.
  3. He then gives them a daily task of memorisation to be recited by heart for the next day.
  4. The method to memorise is upon every one of them – take the task on, open the Mus’haf and repeat until memorised. If he finishes memorising it before the end of the session, he recites in front of the teacher and moves to the next task.
  5. Therefore, the quantity of memorisation varies within the students of the same circle.
  6. The duty of the teacher in these circles is reduced to supervising and reciting and the biggest effort is done by the student.
  7. The memorisation abilities differ from one student to another. Some pursue until memorising the whole Qur’ān and others drop out and quit. Surely, the winner is he who maintains discipline and endurance.
  8. A record in memorisation is maintained which includes the names of students, their age, and how much they have memorised from a Juz’. Moreover, there are daily records showing what the student has memorised and revised each day and estimating his daily memorisation.
  9. This monitoring allows for the recognition of outstanding students who receive awards: monetary and other awards. Whether in the memorisation session itself or in a public ceremony in order to allow the parents to attend and witness the occasion.
  10. There is a great annual ceremony. The students who memorise the whole Qur’ān and who pass the Qur’ān examination successfully are honored by princes and governors in an annual celebration attended by parents, elders (senior important people), scholars, and teachers.

Method 22. Movement (Sudan)


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

This is a method I have seen used in Sudan. The method is as the following:

  1. The teacher teaches each student separately via dictation. He corrects his recitation, pronunciation, and writing onto a slab.
  2. The students are sitting in a circle and the teacher in the middle. When he finishes correcting to one student, another student comes.
  3. They remain in this situation for more than two hours. In this time they memorise what they able to. Since they are sitting on mats and sometimes even on sand as I have seen them myself, the teacher tries to prevent boredom and ease their fatigue by suggesting the second phase.
  4. He orders them to stand up and walk around in a circle and he stands in the middle of the circle controlling and encouraging them.
  5. While walking around, the student has to revise what he has memorised when he was sitting.
  6. They may raise their voices a bit to boost their energy.
  7. After an hour of moving around, the teacher asks them to sit down again and they recite what they have memorised.

Thus, this method of ‘moving around’ was designed by Muslim African teachers. It has observed the psychological nature of the learner. In fact, the child usually tends to move. Confining him to stagnation in one place for long hours would lead to his tiredness and boredom. Whereas interrupting these hours of learning with periods of moving and walking would boost his energy and enhance his learning process.


Method 23. The Uzbeki Method


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

This method is spread in some Islamic republics which got their independence after the demise of the Soviet Union such as Kirghizistan, Kazakhstan, Daghestan. However, it is mainly disseminated in Uzbekistan. It is applied as follows:

  1. The teacher corrects the student’s recitation of the first page of the Qur’ān.
  2. The teacher orders the student to repeat this page three hundred times from the Mus’haf.
  3. Then he recites it from his memory and moves to the next page until he finishes the whole Qur’ān.
  4. Next, the  teacher orders the student to read the Qur’ān one hundred and fifty times from the Mus’haf by looking.
  5. Once he finishes he is given the title of ‘Hāfidh (The memoriser) and Qāri’ (the reciter).’

The act of repetition like this trains the tongue and is extremely helpful in memorisation. Thus, the Surahs often repeated by people habitually like Al-Kahf and Yasin can be easily memorised upon repetition and listening again and again.


Method 24. The Turkish Method


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

Turkey is a leading country in the field of Qur’ān memorisation. They have a unique system. The Turkish method of memorisation is as follows:

  1. The first phase of training consists of learning the Arabic Alphabet until the student masters the rules of correct recitation. This phase can last one year then the student moves to the next phase which is memorisation.
  2. The student uses the Mus’haf of Huffādh (Memorisers) which is divided into thirty sections. Each Juz’ has twenty pages and each page has fifteen lines.
  3. The student starts memorising from the last page of the first juz’. The next day, he moves to the last page of the second juz’. He carries on memorising like this from the last page of each juz’ until he memorises thirty pages in one month.
  4. The next month, the student memorises the second to last page doing a round of that.
  5. Whenever he memorises a page he has to combine it with the previously memorised page. Like this, you continue each round of 30 until he memorises the whole Qur’ān. 

Muslim scholars have disagreements about using this method. I have asked notable scholars in Istanbul and they perceived this method to be the best way to memorise the Qur’ān. It is useful for non-Arabs. If the student pursues his project of memorisation, he will attain a perfect memorisation with page and section numbers. However, if the student did not finish memorising the whole Qur’ān he would end up memorising inconsistent disconnected parts of the Qur’ān. Thus, he would be unable to continue the memorisation easily. The method has many advantages as well as disadvantages and would take around 2 years to complete Qur’ān.


Method 25. Connecting Verses With Real Events Or Stories


Dr Yahya bin ‘Abd al Razzaq al-Ghawthani says:

This method is useful for children. Under the supervision of a qualified teacher or guide, verses are recited onto the child and then a story related to the Surah recited or the circumstances of revelation is narrated. Whatever is suitable, simplify the story as much as possible. The child remembers the story without effort. It raises the child’s curiosity and enhances his memorisation. You would be memorising a new Surah every day alongside a new story.

The following are but few examples:

  1. Surah al-Lahab – The child should be told the story of Abu Lahab, the uncle of the Holy Prophet ﷺ, the story of his wife carrying wood; who used to throw thorns at the Holy Prophet’s ﷺ door during the night. The child will remember the Surah quickly with all these stories, connections, and lessons.
  2. Surah al-Ikhlas – The child should be told stories about the idols and how the idol-worshippers used to worship the idols and make prayer to them, though they made them themselves.
  3. Surah al-Kawthar – The child should be told about the beautiful river of Kawthar and those who will drink from it won’t be thirsty on the day of judgment. And that it is a gift from Allah to His beloved Muhammad ﷺ.
  4. Surah al-‘Alaq – The teacher can relate the story of revelation and the dialogue between the beloved Prophet ﷺ and the Archangel Jibreel. This story can be similarly helpful in memorising Surah Al-Muddathir and Surah Al-Muzzammil.
  5. Surahs Nuh, Hud, Yusuf, Yunus, and Ibrahim can be linked in the children’s imagination with the stories of these prophets to facilitate the process of memorisation. If the Surah is long, then divide it into segments as most appropriate for this aim.
  6. If the Surah does not contain a story, the circumstance of revelation can in itself be an exciting motivation for children.
  7. Adults can also use this method by studying the stories of the Qur’ān through Tafsir (exegesis or commentary) and then memorise those verses creating connections. Take, for example, Surahs related to the Prophets’ lives such as stories of the people of the cave, Musa with Khidr (peace be upon them), the story of Yusuf (upon him be peace), Ibrahim (upon him be peace) and others.

Visualisation: The imagery in Qur’anic verses can help memorisation. A number of books have pointed out to the significance of imagery including Scenes of Qiyamah in the Qur’an, Artistic Imagery in the Qur’an, and In the Shadows of the Qur’an by Sayyid Qutb and others.

At the end of this chapter, I affirm that there are many other methods of memorisation all over the world that I have not mentioned to avoid conducting a heavy and prolonged study for readers. Therefore, I have confined my research to the most useful and easily applicable methods.

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Written by Qari Mubashir Anwar

Qāri Mubashir began reciting the Holy Qur’ān to admiring audiences in public since the tender age of 10. He began memorising the Holy Qur’ān when he was around 12 years old, struggling down the path to successful completion over several years. He eventually completed memorisation in Cairo, Egypt (2006) where he was authorised in recitation. He sought knowledge and counsel from many legendary reciters at the time including the Chief of Reciters Shaykh al-Qāri’ Ahmad Muḥammad ‘Āmir (May Allah grant him mercy) and Shaykh al-Qāri ‘Abdul Rāziq Ṭahā ‘Ali from the Masjid Imam Hussain and Khikhiya Mosque (Cairo). Qāri also studied the Arabic language at with Ustadh Rabi’ in Cairo.

He then began studies in Law (LLB/LPC) at the University of Liverpool and the University of Law. Whilst doing so he also began teaching and studying the Deen. Formally beginning studying the Islamic Sciences (Dars-e-Nizami) in 2007 under the guidance of Shaykh Muhammad Ramadan al-Azhari (Australia), Shaykh Muhammad As'ad Sa'id as-Sagharji (Syria) and other world-renowned scholars gaining Ijāzah in various Islamic sciences, disciplines, and texts. Qāri has always dedicated his time towards educational, social, business and charitable organisations/projects since 2007. He has been teaching Qur'ān, Hifdh, Tajwid, Arabic and Islamic Studies in one way or another for 16 years.

In 2011, he was recognised as being within the most highly creative 6% of the population by a market research agency. He has channeled his creative talents into writing, graphic design and video editing, singing, and teaching. He is the author of “The Promise of Ten” with other books on their way. The founder of How To Memorise The Quran, The Blessed Hub, The Homeless Hub, and is involved in other initiatives and companies within the UK such as TODAYSMYDAY, a creative agency. He was also a founding trustee at The Urban Sanctuary, former Chief Product Officer and now Chief Learning Officer (CLO) and teacher at Quran Academy. Currently, he is also a lecturer in Tajwid at Minhaj College, Manchester and Imam, and Khateeb at Minhaj-ul-Quran Int. Mosque, Manchester.

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